How to Calculate and Convert Odds

m88a So for example odds of +550 would look like this:

For example 10/1 would mean that a stake of 1 would yield winnings of 10, for a total return of 11 including the original stake.

American odds are perhaps the most complicated of the three systems to understand and are based on how much one would have to stake in order to achieve a return of 100. For example decimal odds of 4.5 and a stake of 2 would be expressed as follows:

Basic Factor

Perhaps the easiest way of calculating fractional odds if you aren’t used to them is to convert them into decimal odds instead.

In order to do this simply add the two figures of the fraction together and divide by the right hand number. This often means that working the odds can be tricky unless you understand what they are expressing.

We are then left with a decimal figure which can be multiplied by a stake figure to calculate a return.

Fractional odds, also known as English odds, are the oldest way of expressing odds and do so as a fraction. For example using -220 as an example:

+550 + 100 =650 650 divided by 100 = 6.5

2 (stake) x 4.5 (odds) = 9 (total return)

For positive odds, ie those with a + sign next to them, we simply add 100 to the American odds figure and then divide by 100. The right hand figure in fractional odds represents the stake while the left hand figure represents the winnings.

A plus sign in front of an odd represents how much a stake of 100 would return, so for example:

For example 12/5 would mean that a stake of 5 would result in winnings of 12, however with a different stake this isn’t easy to work out. That being the case converting the fraction into a decimal is generally the easiest way of calculating it (see below).

Decimal odds are the easiest and simplest odds to calculate due to the fact that they are simply multiplied by the stake to give total returns. American odds are expressed with a + or – in front of them are are shown in units of ten.

10/3 10+3=13 13 divided by 3 = 4.33

100 divided by 220 = 0.45 0.45 + 1 = 1.45

Fractional, Decimal and American odds

Depending on where you are geographically, odds can be expressed in any one of three ways, each very different from the others. +650 would return winnings of 650 with an initial stake of 100.

More complex examples however aren’t nearly so easy to calculate, particularly if the stake is different to the number expressed in the odds and won’t divide evenly

For minus odds we divide 100 by the American odds and add one. For example: (thai-m88)

A minus sign represents how much would need to be staked in order return winnings of 100. So for example -220 would mean that 220 would need to be staked in order to return winnings of 100.

Converting American odds to decimals

Although a little more complicated, American odds can also be converted to decimal odds fairly easily, making them much easier to calculate.

Infographic Shows Popularity of Sports Betting

m88 สำรอง sport in the United States. Straight bets, or those that simply choose the winner, propositional bets, parlays, and future wagers are all among the top etting types. Top Betting Action has created a new infographic that is now showing just how the growth of sports betting is thriving. Nearly 67% of college students have bet in one way or another on sports. The betting types all depended upon the individual, and spanned every sport from baseball to football, basketball to hockey, with horse racing being one of the most popular to bet on.

While many of the gamblers within the United States are full-grown adults, there are many college students who take part in the activity as well. An additional 80% of high school students bet as well, though many are not legal gambling and is often amongst friends. The American Gaming Association stated “Overall, Nevada’s legal sports wagering represents less than 1% of all sports betting nationwide. Twenty-five percent of males between 14-22 have placed a wager every month, with the NFL being the largest amongst the age group. Another 15% of individuals have gambled once within the past month. 19 by Top Betting Action detailed that information showing that college students are betting regularly on sporting events.

Based on the infographic, 65% of all Americans have gambled on sports at least once, while 30% have gambled on sports within the last year. And 3% had even placed wagers within the last day. In 2011, $2.88 billion was legally wagered in Nevada’s sports books; the National Gambling Impact Study Commission (NGISC) estimated that illegal wagers are as much as $380 billion annually.”

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An infogrpahic released on Thursday, Sept. The act of placing wagers on sporting outcomes has been popular for some time amongst friends and work betting pools, however, the growth in casinos and online has grown to huge unprecedented levels.. The Super Bowl and NCAA March Madness tournament are two of the largest payouts in the United States.

The infographic showed that several kinds of bets are placed most often. There are head-to-head bets, as well as totalizators, progressive parlays and if bets which have each grown in popularity.

As the niche of sports betting continues to rise in worldwide popularity, there appears to be no limit to the amount of money and effort put into the interest. A tally of 44% of all 12th grade males have wagered at least once on sports.

Other than poker, sports gambling is (hhht888)

Striking It Rich (or Striking Out) in Daily Fantasy Sports

If someone gets hurt, its luck. Pallone, ranking member of the Energy and Commerce Committee, requested a hearing to examine the relationship of fantasy m88a sports to gambling in professional leagues.

You know, put down a bet and get a high return by betting on a team, players, whatever. Studies show that fantasy participants watch more games and watch them for longer than people who dont play fantasy sports.

But critics, including Congressman Frank Pallone, D-N.J., argue that the leagues are a form of gambling. Trust us, our lawyers drive very nice cars so that we can keep it that way,” FanDuel says on its website as its short answer for the frequently asked question, “Is FanDuel Legal?”

Meanwhile, some sports fans really do hit the jackpot. Lewis watched Mondays Atlanta Falcons-Philadelphia Eagles game, hoping for a nice payout because of players statistical achievements.

Tonight didnt really go how I would have liked, but Im definitely looking forward to next week, he said.

The Associated Press contributed to this story.

. Even the traditional casino companies and regulators have eschewed the word “gambling” until recently, opting for the more antiseptic “gaming” instead to describe what they do.

Daily fantasy sports and its defenders point to a 2006 law, the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act, that carved out a specific exemption for “fantasy sports” well before the concept of daily games versus week-long or season-long were contemplated. The services have partnered with major sports leagues and brands. Travis Spieth was able to quit his day job after winning $1 million in a 2013 FanDuel contest.

Its very comparable to stock trading, and if you ask somebody that’s dealing in stocks, they’re definitely not going to tell you they’re gambling cause there’s a lot of research involved, Spieth said.

For Scott Lewis, the big bucks remain a fantasy at least this week. But if its just coming down to that day, its actually harder to win at daily fantasy than it is at season-long fantasy.

The leagues, in which participants make up teams with real players, have drawn added attention to NFL action. The start of the NFL season draws renewed focus on fantasy sports, a chance to assemble imaginary teams featuring your favorite players.

While fantasy sports leagues often cover an entire season, an emerging trend involves one-week or daily fantasy sports, offering a shorter window, but the potential for an immediate payoff. DraftKings, for instance, has an advertising relationship with ESPN, which, like ABC News, is part of the Walt Disney Co.

ESPN Sports Business Reporter Darren Rovell said daily fantasy football requires more skill than chance.

Every day, you know who is going to play, Rovell said. How is it any different from sports betting? I don’t see it; what, because you call it fantasy? Pallone said (see th-m88).

The fantasy industry says it’s already legal and has no interest in being regulated if it comes with a “gambling” label. Daily fantasy football has become big business, and the rewards can be substantial.

But do the leagues represent a form of gambling?

Two of the most popular daily fantasy sports providers are FanDuel and DraftKings, both estimated to bring in tens of millions of dollars in entry fees for the NFLs first week, according to a recent Bloomberg article. Before the rise of daily fantasy sports, the exception was mostly used by top season-long fantasy operators like Yahoo and CBS Sports.

“Thanks to fantasy sports being specifically excluded from laws affecting online sports betting, FanDuel is not illegal in any way

Daily fantasy sports betting going down the same road as online poker

Mike Sexton became a household name for many. Just a word of advice– Don’t keep too much money on the sites.

The bottom line is the government will always want a piece of the action. PokerStars, Full Tilt Poker, and Absolute Poker were closed for business to all American players. Right?. On April 15, 2011 — a day known as “Black Friday” among the online poker community — the United States government shut down the three big online poker sites. You want to play in a tournament against thousands of others with the chance for a huge payout? Or do you want to just “grind” out a steady profit? You could play single “m88a games” against only fifty people, twenty, or nine– how many ever you want. And they must sit and wonder how these sites have gotten away with this as long as they have. Online poker sites that once would be lucky to have 1,000 players online at any given time now had over 200,000– many of them “fish,” a term used to describe bad players. Money in players’ accounts was frozen and seized. The government will, eventually, shut down daily fantasy sports betting just like it did to online poker wagering.

Wrong, said the United States government. The government calls daily fantasy sports betting “gambling.” The accused sites argue that fantasy sports is a “game of skill” and not “gambling.” The government goes after the payment processors for the various sites.

It was only a matter of time. They cause a lot of buzz. Poof! Just like that. The government, especially, notices they aren’t getting their piece of the action. It will be interesting to see how this plays out, because as popular as online poker may have been (and it was enormously popular), fantasy football is even bigger and more mainstream. You can play against how many ever opponents you want. Some, eventually, got their money back. People were having fun. The two fantasy sports sites have chosen to ignore the injunction and elected to continue to take bets from New York residents. Basically, the New York A.G. They witnessed the boom of poker. The government has begun to take notice. Some are still waiting.

Enjoy it while it lasts, friends. A poker player can calculate the odds of a certain card hitting the table as much as any fantasy sports bettor can calculate the odds of a certain hitter getting a base hit against a certain pitcher.

Those who played online poker for a living know how this is going to end. Online players were in heaven. Poker After Dark. Not everyone may know how to play poker, but nearly everyone watches football. Advertising is annoyingly saturating the airwaves. FanDuel and DraftKings are suing the New York Attorney General.

The online poker player is very familiar with these game setups. Money was changing hands. ESPN and NBC couldn’t get enough poker programming. They generate a lot of money. These sites gain popularity. No one was being hurt. Advertising for sites like PokerStars and PartyPoker were inundating the airwaves. There has been the scandal questioning the integrity of the game. The New York State Attorney General sent out cease and desist letters a week ago to FanDuel and DraftKings. How about head-to-head with just one other opponent? You could even create your own tournaments with as many, or as few, players as you like.

Former online poker players have seen this story play out before. The public outcry will be huge if fantasy sports betting is deemed illegal.

So what is happening to daily fantasy sites like FanDuel and DraftKings comes as no surprise to former online poker players. And you can play as many times as you want. World Series of Poker. Poker is just as much a game of skill as betting on fantasy sports. There are the various buy-ins, ranging from free, to a single dollar, to as much as several hundreds of dollars. Any online poker player who has visited DraftKings will find an eery familiarity between the lobby area of the online fantasy sports site and their old favorite online poker websites (https://www.facebook.com/m88.m88a). It’s the same pattern. The legal wrangling has already begun in one state. is banning fantasy sports betting by New York residents. They enjoyed the proliferation of the game into mainstream media

Casino-Gaming :: Down Memory Lane with Roulette

ทางเข้า fun88 And till the time people continue to gamble roulette will remain the game of choice worldwide.

. The myth goes that they sold their soul to the devil to know the secret of the game. This wheel continues to be used in the USA even today while Europe continues to use the roulette wheel with just a single zero.

The name roulette comes from French for “little wheel”. It was here in Monte Carlo where the game caught like wildfire and started attracting some of the most famous names worldwide who came to play in the casinos here.

Many people credit the brothers Louis and Francois Blanc as the inventors of roulette. Whether you go to Monte Carlo or Las Vegas you will find the most number of gamblers around the roulette table. As far as modern roulette is concerned one must credit Louis and Francois Blanc for their popularity. This happened sometime in the 18th century. What do they proffer as proof for this theory the sum of the numbers on the roulette wheel is 666. It was actually in France where the game seems to have originated and then it spread to the other countries of the world.

The popularity of roulette in the United States of America moved up the River Mississippi. After they introduced single zero roulette wheel in 1843 in Homburg in Germany they later on moved to Monte Carlo in the 1860s when the German government abolished gambling. The reference to roulette was actually found earlier in 1758 in the regulations for Quebec and then in the novel La Roulette, ou le Jou by Jaques Lablee. There is no definite history that one can come up with (fun88no1).

But it is generally believed that it was the famous mathematician of France Blaise Pascal who came up with the first form of roulette as he was searching for an ideal machine having perpetual motion. But some people believe that the game started thousands of years ago maybe in Persia or maybe in China. The French version became popular first but the American roulette wheel suddenly had three extra slots one for single zero, one for double zero and for the American Eagle. From the time it was introduced as a casino game it became immensely popular and remains one of the most popular casino games even today. While the eagle disappeared after sometime the slots for single zero and double zero stayed

‘The Jungle Book’ Takes Over! Video

The backgrounds are generated so the sets weren’t much different than what we have right here. An idol of mine since I was little and I remember in “Meatballs” how cool the relationship with the kid and I thought I would be perfect and finally got phone call from him. After I sent letters and sent messages and said let’s do it. Thanks for coming in. I’ve been wanting to work with the guy. Thank you. Out of the blue. What are you teaching him. Except with my voice so I don’t have to go through hair and makeup like this every day. So in this one I’m a pygmy hog and his wife is like this — what’s going on up there? So you see I only have one voice I do. You’re making this one. If you see it every year, bye, buddy. Good morning. I’m helping baloo get ready. The animals are real so there’s scary moments but there’s humor and hopefully covers all the ground in the Disney tradition? All right. Jon Favreau joins us now. But now we have all this photo real cgi and learned a lot working on the “Iron man” films and speaking of Disney maybe it was time to update it and see if you could bring a combination of the Kipling version from a hundred years ago with the movie to life and it’s pretty spectacular what the artists are able to achieve. Maybe those S cop up again but that was a project I really wanted to do that I haven’t had the opportunity to do but maybe in the future. A few voices. I have one voice but you make the characters look different so I’m a little pig that gets crushed by honey. But by meeting everybody over at Disney “The jungle book” opportunity came up so sometimes what you think is a missed opportunity turns into a different opportunity and also you never know. Hope you find your dad. You want to do this you do it in the man village. Courtney had done. Hi. Yeah. Cannot wait to see this movie after seeing the trailer but it’s going to be a bit of a challenge taking a classic like this. And not tuck my shirt in when I’m realizing. You know him from “Swingers” “Elf” and “Iron man” out with a brand-new take on the Disney classic “The jungle book.” Take a look. The original was like a g-rated musical that was more for kids and this we have made a pg movie. Sometimes they get made later. Not full hibernation but I nap a lot. Good morning. Super big fans and so excited to the Jung sung-ryong. So many big stars in it, as well including Idris Elba and Ben Kingsley and heard bill Murray. That’s me. It looks so real when it’s happening. That’s me. He runs his own business. We have a question for you about your background. You do — you act in this, as well. We have one of your super fans will join us via Skype. Thank you, Courtney. But for directing what happens is sometimes you develop projects and they don’t get made. We can’t wait to see it. Have you ever had him here? No. “The jungle book” hits movies

Transcript for ‘The Jungle Book’ Takes Over!

This transcript has been automatically generated and may not be 100% accurate.. He’s not easy — not like you call an agent or publicist. The jimmy fund headquarters in Massachusetts and a few colleagues. I bet it was and you found a way to bring the movie to a real broad audience. We’re back with our new director Jon Favreau here. We were wondering what is the role or the opportunity that got away? Well, as an actor, unfortunately those people out there who know you auditioned for hundreds of things so a lot of them got away. There was one called “Magic kingdom” I was developing with Disney about disneyland coming to life and putting together artwork and scripts and that one didn’t get made. Ever sijsz then he’s the hardest working guy and loves to get it just right and I’ve gotten to know him and work with him and it was a real highlight of my career. Famously unavailable. Yeah, sure, I grew up with the film and came out in ’67, the last animated film that Walt Disney worked on. More of an adventure. You got to tell the story about getting bill Murray to do a job. So all the animals are either motion captured or hand animated. I do voices like in “Elf.” Remember there was a lot of little animated characters like the narwal. He reaches out to you and moves around quite a bit and I sent him letters and artwok. You get ahold of him. Could come back. What does it mean to bring it to life in modern terms? We have one live action kid and everything else around it is created by artists and computers. Exciting. What do you want to know? Thank so much for having us on. Hitchcock move

Animal Abuse Facts and Statistics

It has been said that the scene depicting the monkey had to shot twice, and therefore, two monkeys were sacrificed for movie realism.

Despite widespread concern and condemnation, animals are subjected to enormous torture and abuse.

PETA also says that the behavior of the animals during the circus shows is not at all natural, in the sense that tigers don’t hop around and then lay down in unison, elephants don’t walk trunk to tail and female elephants don’t mount each other. Due to the inhumane treatments, it has been proved that circus animals are dying at a higher rate than they are breeding. Though the movie waded in troubled waters ever since it was released, it was proven than at least six animals, a muskrat, a pig, a monkey, a snake, a turtle and a large spider were killed for the sake of the film. Elephants suffer from osteoporosis simply because they do not have wide spaces to move around. Tuberculosis is seen as a major disease for the elephants in circuses. This general concept has now given birth to the thought of a ‘animal-free’ circuses. We shed a tear on the condition of animals and move on to get that latest collection of ‘fur-dress’. Such treatment generally has a single point program – to subject animals and sometimes pets to unnecessary harm and pain. Apart from these, other institutes where abuse is thought to be rampant is the entertainment industry, especially the circus and film industry. Tight collars, whips, beatings and torture are the order of the day for the animals of the circus.

Possibly, the worst case of animal cruelty in film is the movie, ‘Cannibal Holocaust’. Circuses have known to keep a large amount of topsoil ready, to camouflage the wounds and the blood on the elephants.

In a recent report, People For Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) have come out with embarrassing facts about the circus lives of animals. There are many explanations that have been given in support of animal slaughter, but nothing justifies taking away someone’s life – even if the stakes are too high.

As humankind has progressed, there has been an increase in governance and rules and regulations of everyday life. One major type of animal abuse is torture. The circus industry is said to have rampant cruelty towards animals. Animal cruelty is an ambiguous term and the terminology depends from region to region, state to state and country to country. While abuse amongst individuals may either be existent in a lesser manner or go largely unnoticed and uninformed, various institutes involved in factory farming, fur farming and animal testing are accused of animal cruelty. The definition may be anything between comprehensive and non-existent. These governance and rules rise from general disgust over happenings and concepts all over the world. No institute or individual looks after the training sessions of the circuses. In some cases, they were not provided with basic medical first aid. All this is possible only by extreme training, which may translate into extreme torture.. It is not only the responsibility of the government and NGO’S to fight for the welfare of these creatures, but as a society, the onus is on us to make a collective effort. Some instances show that the elephants were not treated medically for wounds inflicted during beatings and other natural causes. According to their reports, various prominent circuses do not practice what they preach and indulge in cruelty on a routine basis.

The animals in circuses are also routinely and dangerously exposed to various diseases. Elephant deaths in circuses are commonly caused due to osteoporosis.

Some elephants have also suffered from lameness, arthritis and food abscesses. Countries like Sweden, Costa Rica, Austria, Finland, India, and Singapore have come forward and banned or restricted the use of animals in circuses. One such rapidly growing concept is animal cruelty.

Animal abuse simply put is cruel unwarranted treatment of animals

Sports betting vs. the stock market: Which is riskier?

At the same time, investing in stocks actually carries higher upside potential. And of course, they both hate to lose.

“You can hold onto your betting tickets all your life, but you’re not going to get squat,” said Stovall. Gambling on football star Peyton Manning to win might seem like a safe bet, especially compared with picking winners in the stock market. And in neither instance can you be guaranteed to be correct,” said Randall Fine, managing director of The Fine Point Group, one of the casino industry’s largest consulting firms.

“Betting is more difficult and riskier,” said one resident of Hoboken, New Jersey, who bets on illegal gambling sites and also invests in stocks.

Those are pretty good odds. While many stocks offer steady returns, investors sometimes hit the jackpot (think: buying Apple back in early 2009 or Tesla in 2012). A bettor gambling on the Green Bay Packers will instantly lose his or her entire $500 bet if Aaron Rodgers and his teammates fail to win or cover the spread.

“A lot of people regard investing as gambling, but I frequently say no.

A stock can theoretically be held onto for an infinite amount of time, but a sports bet can end in the blink of an eye.

“A large, steady company has a low chance of plummeting and causing you to lose all your money, but even Peyton Manning doesn’t cover the spread sometimes,” he said.

All or nothing: Gambling on sports tends to be a zero-sum game.

That’s the percentage of time that Stovall’s research shows the S&P 500 — the gold standard in the stock market — has increased in value during the years since 1926.

CNNMoney (New York) First published August 31, 2014: 8:14 AM ET

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But take it from one person who has lots of experience in both worlds. The stock might go up and down some, but it typically doesn’t go to zero.

Related: 4 reasons September could be good for stocks

The betting appeal: Americans bet an estimated $380 billion each year on sports.

And investors have greater access to tools that can minimize the risk of losing money.

To put it another way, the stock market is a lot more forgiving than the MGM Grand (let alone your local sports bookie).

“You’re making a wager based on some facts and some intuitions. He asked for his identity to be withheld due to legal concerns.

Related: How $2 billion Clippers bet could pay off

Gamblers and investors also have far different time horizons.

They both believe they can predict the future, and they sometimes fall into the trap of making decisions with their hearts instead of their brains. For example, a stop-loss order instructs a broker to dump a stock when it tumbles below a specific price.



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But don’t let those similarities fool you.

Such hedging tools are not as readily or even feasible to sports gamblers, Fine said.

Manning is really, really good at what he does for a living. Gambling on sports may be more fun, but it’s definitely a more risky use of money than putting it in the stock market.

In the long run, investors have the chance to make more money because there are fewer downside risks. It’s easy to see why fans may be tempted to gamble on their favorite teams and athletes.

However, someone sinking $500 into Apple stock has little risk of losing that entire initial investment, especially in the short term. Heck, even his commercials are funny.

Related: Apple and 9 other stocks hit new records

Investors also have the ability to spread their money out among many stocks. People often invest in funds that buy dozens or even hundreds of stocks, which helps reduce the risk.

The same can’t be said for those who bet big on the Denver Broncos last Super Bowl.

Even the unlucky investors who jumped into the market at its peak in October 2007 eventually made their money back when stocks reclaimed their pre-recession levels in 2013. Which casino in Atlantic City, Las Vegas or Macau pays the bettor 73% of the time?” said Sam Stovall, chief investment strategist at S&P Capital IQ

Using Reverse Line Movement To Win

It should be noted that many fewer MLB games have qualified so far this season (is the whole world using RLM now?), but smaller profits is still profit.Again, these records are for Money Lines only and do not include totals.Finally, NHL sports betting has picked up 148.49 units in two years, and unlike MLB, NHL had four sportsbooks out of the top five gain double-digit units this past season.


NBA sports betting has the lowest two-year five-book RLM winning percentage among the 11/10 sports, but then again, every gambler in the world would kill to go 382-301-9, 55.9 percent, +48.90 units, and the 57.5 percent win rate this past season is nothing to sneeze at. We tracked the top five books for each of the pointspread sports for the last two years, as as you can see, this strategy has been profitable in every sport. This is where an important word of caution is in order though. Keep in mind that NCAAB was the most liquid sport in terms of top-five sportbooks however, with not a single sportsbook making the top five both years. Last year was a good RLM season for NFL sports betting (45-29, 60.8 percent, +11.91), but two sportsbooks that were in the top five in NFL RLM in both seasons.

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The highest two-year winning percentage using RLM from the top five books belongs to College Football, which went 480-341-10, 58.5 percent, +95.10 units. This may enable you to get the stale more favorable sports betting line at the time the reverse line movement hits at the triggering Sportsbook. The huge problem with this is that the nfl line, ncaaf line or nhl line may have moved too much by that time, and all of the value has been sucked out of the unpopular side.

Also, games where over 60 percent of the public are on one side, yet there is reverse line movement of at least 10 cents on the Money Line from the opening number at the top five sportsbooks in MLB and NHL sports betting has also been profitable. This would make Miami +6 the RLM play.

So what causes RLM when the aim of most sportsbooks is to get as close to balanced action on both sides as possible? The answer to this is quite simple: the sharp bettors; the one’s who give sports betting advice. RLM takes place when more money/ sportsbook picks are bet by the small percentage of bettors that are on the unpopular side (the sharps) than is bet by the huge majority of players betting the popular side (the squares). To illustrate, let us say that San Diego Chargers open at -7 over the Miami Dolohins, and over 70 percent of the sports bets placed on the game are on San Diego.

By: Manny G

The proper way to make a sports bet using reverse line movement is to place your bet as soon as there is an RLM of one full point (or 10 cents in MLB and NHL) off of the opening line. Quite a few RLM followers watch the moves until almost game time, and then bet accordingly. Carib ruled the roost season at 93-66-9, 58.5 percent, +18.55 units after ABC held the penthouse spot in the 2007-08 season.

So what we recommend is to only use the top five each season for each individual sport (in terms of units won). The records quoted below are based on the bets being made at the triggering books, so beating the move by a half-point or a few cents now and then would actually make your record even better.

To back this up, our friends over at Prosportsonline.net have tracked the records for games where over 60 percent of the public has been on one side, yet there was reverse line movement of at least one full point from the opening number at the top sportsbooks in NFL, NCAAF, NBA and NCAAB. All of this will be fun to follow (not to mention profitable) when every sport except baseball are going on simultaneously during the winter months.


So what exactly is reverse line movement? RLM takes place when a large majority of bets are on one team, yet the line moves in the opposite direction. However, instead of the line rising as you might expect, it instead drops to Chargers -6. Note that these records are for sides only and do not include totals.

The NFL sports betting is generally considered the toughest sport to beat, yet blindly following this method produced an exceptional 59.2 percent win rate last season, improving the two year record to 328-249-12, 56.8 percent, +59.06 units. Furthermore, they list the RLM records for many individual sportsbook, making it easy to spot which books this system is working at and which books it may be best to ignore.. Another important recommendation is to use a slow moving (but reliable) sportsbook. Keep an eyes on the top five sportsbooks at Sports Insights though, as NCAAF sports betting has been very liquid in that regard, with only one sportsbook (believe it or not, Bodog) finishing in the top five both years.

Now do the sharps win every single time? Absolutely not! However, they are right more often than they are wrong, so being on the same side as the sharps is a prudent strategy over the long run, and again, the best thing is that there in absolutely no conventional sports handicapping necessary..

Thus, following reverse line movements is the same thing a following the smart money. Sure, using this approach leaves open the possibility of the line turning around and moving back against you, but as you will see in bit, betting as soon as an RLM qualifies has been profitable in every major North American sport such as the last two seasons, so if one line turns around, so be it. Keep a close eye on Canbet here, as that Australian sportsbook cracked the top five both years.

College Basketball sports betting was not too shabby either, with a two-year mark of 492-356-22, 58.0 percent, +91.96 units

Michael Gill Racing Issues Statement

They then said in last week’s trial that they never accused me of

having sore horses.

I guess miracles can happen.

So, if you had a couple of Commissioners that you could manipulate, I

would say it was a hell of an insurance policy and defense Attorney

Augusto was the puppet master who protects the tracks and dials in the


They believed that the Commission had immunities that they could hide

behind. But they blamed me, not the track.

. I was trying to create a path to

operating a successful business in the horse racing industry that I

loved so that other owners could do the same. This trainer was Stephanie

Beattie. When you look at it, you see nothing but

locals. I’m

sure they were the jockeys, Krulock’s jockeys, which was the reason for

Dillon’s sudden loss of memory.

So how did I get kicked out of Penn National? I just had 2,247 horse

races without a single bad test. This is the exact

accusation I had made when I fired him.

Every time I see my name it is followed by the word, controversial. I wasn’t doing

anything special. As reported in the Thoroughbred Times, “It

was a surprise visit, and I found nothing wrong in the facility,” said

Gail Emerson, a former trainer. “The slippery slope is if the measurement or action taken is

going to be on when this occurs, as it may also involve others who

people feel are not an issue.” McErlean wrote this in his email, a copy

of which I have in my possession.

I spent $51 million dollars in horse racing, why would I need to cheat?

If someone had a better horse in the race, I would buy it. Again, that’s seven

breakdowns at Penn National with 820 starts, and one out of 1,400 starts

at other tracks.

The Commission’s own investigators recognized the fact that the horses

were back running at Penn National and what I was saying was actually

true. He must have

forgotten about an email he sent on January 24, 2010, just before my

ejection, stating that my trainers, Adamo and Delahoussaye had 3 and 4

breakdowns respectively for the year. So why would they want me out?

My dream was always to win the Kentucky Derby; instead this has been my

living nightmare. I said that I would, but that I would not use Clifton as I

felt he was an inferior jockey. Penn National has me thrown out;

they knew they did not have a reason so they gave it to the Commission. I claimed horses from people

that were cheating and winning races unfairly to defraud the betting

public. When the largest stable in the country moves in, it is cause for

concern. It was not a coincidence

that it is these three jockeys that led a boycott of riding my horses in


All my horses were sold. Do you think the trainers would

tell the owners that they lost their $40,000 claiming horse for $20,000

because they were cashing a bet offshore or would they say that Gill

made it a $40,000 horse because he was cheating? What do you think?

Penn National Race Track in Grantville, Pennsylvania is, like other race

tracks, a closed community. They raced a total of 820 times

during the year. In fact Delahoussaye

still trained and he had his other owners buy my horses that wound up

back in the same stalls that they were in when I owned them a day

before. Since that wasn’t possible, Krulock turned to what he

could control…the jockeys. Sometimes the thing that separates the

haves and the have-nots is opportunity. Even when the

subject was about life and limb, he forgot. They want you in the Casino at


At the trial, I listened to three Commissioners (Hamm, Hannum, and

Sweeney) and the Executive Secretary Dillon.

He has commented publicly about my horses breaking down. There must have

been some magical wand that was waived to make them all instantly sound. They were cheating. The barns are a

disaster and the track is dangerous, but the casino is just wonderful!

You tell me where Penn National is spending their money. My understanding

is that they do vet check now, why didn’t they then? I offered to have

the state vet at Penn National check all my horses on the grounds and at

my farm, Penn National declined. So that is how they came at me.

There came a time in late 2009 that I fired Willie Otero. On three

occasions Dillon happily informed the court that Penn National gave him

a letter telling him what a good job he was doing. Krulock then gave me Willie Otero to

ride all my horses and then hired Dana Whitney. Instead what I got was an anonymous

phone call to the Large Animal Protection Society. Sore at Penn, sound at Philly?

Penn National can’t say they are concerned about horses and jockeys when

they don’t even vet check horses on their own grounds. Krulock said that he could not do that because

Dana was riding first call for my biggest competitor, Stephanie Beattie.

Not convinced yet? If you think Penn National cares about jockeys and

horses, why are they racing at 12:00 midnight in the middle of January

instead of 12:00 noon? Do you think it is colder at midnight than at

noon? Do you think it is more likely to have a frozen track in the

middle of January? Isn’t it possible it is about making money? Otherwise

they would be racing during the day. I then asked to have Dana Whitney

ride on all the horses. Tell

me this, what is more controversial than telling the truth?

I went into racing knowing it was a business and I believed I could be a

champion. They have never come to my defense

because they are made up of horse owners and trainers that do not want

me in the industry because I am cutting up their pie. I noticed how they looked frequently at him for approval

during trial.

The Commission and Dillon listed three separate complaints: 1) Penn

National, 2) Jockeys and 3) the HBPA. He was pulling

horses to prevent them from winning. They had the State of Pennsylvania do their dirty work and we

learned in last week’s trial that Commission’s lawyers warned them that

I could sue the Commission. Only the Commission could take their

license away. Dillon also declared our innocence. It is also ironic that I was still able to race at Philadelphia

Park, but not at Penn National, even though both are governed by the

same Pennsylvania commission. I watched them go up on the

witness stand, one after another saying that I had done nothing wrong. Out of the 100 jockeys I am

going make a guess at the other two: Dana Whitney and Willie Otero. Those that wanted me out would have

given their eyeballs to have come up with a bad test to make it easy to

get rid of me. To my knowledge this was the only race track in the country where

all horses didn’t get checked by a veterinarian before each race.

Now I am going to get really insidious. They had nothing else. In fact in 2008, just one year before, it had fourteen fatal

breakdowns in two weeks. I had a passion and a love for this industry. For all those

concerned, you have taken your best shot at me and I am still standing. Want proof? Simply walk inside of the casino and then

walk out back to the stables where the horses live. More money than any owner made at any one

race track that year. I bought horses from the big

guys 90% of the time, not the little guys. There was actually one trainer with more total

breakdowns with only about 600 starts. The vast majority went back to Penn National. Look back at all my years in

racing and tell me this isn’t the truth.

In fact they did not even investigate before or after ejecting me or

Adamo, not one of them. He seemed to be very

proud of that letter. So the taxpayer would take the hit. I would not be

bought and I would not be intimidated, that is a dangerous combination

in horse racing.

I got into Penn National when John Krulock (agent for jockeys Thomas

Clifton and Willie Otero) offered me 49 stalls if I rode his Jockeys

first call. No

offense to The Blood-Horse magazine, but it is not ALL that these

commissioners should know.

So Krulock had the two top racing outfits in Penn National using his

jockeys. I was in horse racing for 33 years and have been told

that I have had more starts and won more races than any horse owner in

history. They do not like cutting up their share of the pie. The president of

HBPA at Penn National at the time was Stephanie Beattie, my biggest


Those same complaining owners bought them, the same complaining trainers

trained them and the same complaining jockeys rode them. Penn National operates

under a license, as I do. I am not kidding, read the transcripts. Weeks later, Otero was suspended from

racing for making no effort for a horse to win. I was able to accomplish my goals because I believed they were

possible. This is the same organization that I have paid more

money into than any other person. To put this in perspective, if you combined all

of the race tracks across the country you might not have fourteen fatal

breakdowns collectively during a two week period. I had raced over 1,400 starts in 2009 outside of Penn National

and only had one breakdown. I made $3.1

million dollars there in 2009. By now it was a moot point. It is journalism, like

the recent New York Times article and a former ESPN interview,

that have made it difficult to stay in business and impossible for me to

come back by painting me as “The Most Hated Man in Racing” where I might

have been the most honest.

You may remember reading Otero saying my horses were dangerous. I noticed how one Commissioner after another on the stand

appeared more hesitant, guarded and confused than the one before.

Penn National continues to be scrutinized for their unsafe track

conditions. What if

I told you he has just given a sworn deposition, under oath, that they

were never were dangerous? What jockey would know better if my horses

were sound than the jockey that was riding them all? How could any other

jockeys say anything if they didn’t ride them? Also, what if Otero and

Jockey Clinton Potts just said under oath that they did not give anyone

express permission to use their names on the jockey petition?

Christopher McErlean is the Vice President of Gaming at Penn National. When he could not give me Dana Whitney, I fired him as an agent

and the jockeys he represents. This was more money than next the top 15 owners at

Penn National combined. I made it possible for the

trainer to make money and the owners to make money, rather than have the

trainer survive by cheating the owner. I claimed horses for $20,000 and won for $40,000. Every year the track

has had major issues with breakdowns. They could possibly lose that license if they

were operating a dangerous track. Therefore, I think this qualifies me to speak about the


I really tried to make a difference. They sent Gail

Emerson to my farm. It seems they rely heavily on reading The

Blood-Horse magazine. She was accused of shock waving horses by her

foreman/boyfriend and her grooms, but wrote a letter, representing horse

ownership, to the Commissioner saying I was bad for racing.

I am no longer in horse racing, but I spent $51 million dollars from

1999 to 2009 on horses. I have now

just introduced you to all the players.

Let’s move on to the National Horsemen’s Benevolence & Protective

Association (HBPA). “It was clean, and the horses were in

good condition.”

It was my intent to have stayed in Horse Racing the rest of my life,

what better job to have than one that you love. I also quickly learned that it is possible for people to be

totally corrupt.

I came into horse racing hiring the little guy and giving them an

opportunity to prove themselves. At the time,

horses stabled on the grounds did not get even a vet check before they

raced. That is

not what I want.

I will finish by telling you that in the purest sense I am a competitor,

I find no victory in cheating.

I’m no longer in horse racing so I have no motive to share my story

other than the truth.

MANCHESTER, N.H.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Michael Gill Racing today made the following statement regarding horse


You would be interested to know how little these Commissioners know

about horse racing. They still had major issues two

months after I left. Then it became very clear. Typically, trainers survive by

finding a new owner before the old owner goes broke.

In fact in a federal trial held last week, Michael Dillon, former Acting

Executive Secretary of the Pennsylvania Horse Racing Commission said

under oath that he spoke with three jockeys about their concerns, one

was Clifton and he just could not remember the other two. I knew at that moment that since

Krulock got me the stalls at Penn National that he could take them away.

Penn National knew that I had complained multiple times about the racing

surface. I have spent my career defending myself

from the corrupt, with their fear of you hearing me. Penn National doesn’t want you to pay attention to the horses; they want

you in the casino. This was a horse that raced on the grass for

the first time, slipped and clipped heals

Phoenix Sports – Sports Handicappers| NFL Football Betting

Ron Raymond’s Top 3 Recommended Apps: ATS Calculator – ATS Stats – PST Picks

Sports Handicapping Apps: For more news from the world of sports, head over to SportsUntapped.com where they also offer good betting guides.

As well as sports betting you can also now play a few hands of cards on the go now, see this mobile casino gaming guide for info on how to download mobile casinos and the best games available.

Before betting on sports online, take a look at Sports Betting Acumen to brush up on your sports betting skills to avoid huge losses.

UFC costs sportsbook nearly $1M

“But I was focused on the Oscars and the Daytona 500, both of which we were … “The type of bettor that wins these bets throws a small amount of money on all the favorites or all the underdogs to try to get rich. Another had four $1 parlays that paid $25,000 each.


“We take in so much more money on the NFL or the NBA that when you have these types of parlay winners, it’s hard to hurt [our business],” Bradley said. doing well on. Manny Pacquiao fight on May 2 to make its UFC/boxing book a profitable one in 2015.

“We had at least a dozen of these bets that paid out $10,000 or more,” Bradley said.

When all was tallied up, Bradley said the loss approached nearly $1 million on the single event.

Underdogs went 10-1, and as a result, parlay bets, in which gamblers bet between $1 and $5 on all underdogs, hit big.

Frank Mir’s victory over Antonio Silva in the main event in Porto Alegre, Brazil, on Sunday night marked the 10th win by an underdog, costing Bovada nearly $1 million, according to the sportsbook’s manager.

According to Bovada sportsbook manager Kevin Bradley, one bettor had a $4 all-underdog parlay that paid $85,000. Well, I guess it worked.”

A remarkable number of upsets at UFC Fight Night 61 resulted in a historic beating for the sportsbook Bovada.LV.

Bradley said the result was such a loser for the sportsbook that Bovada will likely need to win big in the Floyd Mayweather vs. “With UFC, this will be hard to come back from.”

“Normally, going into an event, I know what we need,” Bradley added. What happened with UFC is just so rare.”

“We’re not getting this money back from the people that won,” Bradley said

Do Horse Racing Betting Systems Work? by Martin Blacksheep

The twist is, you don’t even bet for a win! By betting for a place only you dramatically increase the odds in your favor. You’ve sent away for stuff that never quite reached you, or you bought something and it didn’t live up to its expectations. He lays the complete betting system out before you, why bet on favorites and why for a place? The answer… Its already been extensively used in America, Hong Kong, Canada, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, UK and most of Europe for over 13 years by thousands of people. Occasionally they will get lucky and succeed. Does anyone really have the spare time to do this consistently? Call me lazy but why make things hard for yourself betting on hard to pick non favorites when you can very, very easily profit from the favorites!

First off all let me clarify something, when he talks about making money from horse racing betting, he’s not talking about a few freak or lucky wins in a month.

Horse Racing Betting Systems – Do they Work?

He then put these horses through a set of betting system simple rules to eliminate any risks they may be carrying. However investing on certain favorites that have passed a set of Ali’s betting system rules will definitely set the odds in your favor in a very big way!

There are lots of so called Horse Racing betting systems out there. Ok now don’t go all skeptical on me at this point. This is a betting system that really delivers.

Ali’ betting system can be applied to any gallop horse race in the world. In the limited space I have available in this article there’s no way I can fully convince you about how much you can learn from this guys betting system. It is theoretically possible to make a consistent profit on investing in high priced non favorites at the track. Its simply a matter of consistently following the betting system.

Don’t get me wrong. The majority of punters that lose money on horse racing try to make big sums of money from just a few dollars. I can say in all honesty that as a former frustrated punter it is well worth the time checking out this information. The guy shows you how he maintained a win strike rate of 89.52% and a place strike rate of 96.35% using his own betting system.

I recently came across Mohammed Ali’s Betting system, How to ‘Place Bets’ on Favorites for a Living.

Let me assure you that the betting system is written in plain English and it’s easy enough for a 11 year old to use. When you bet on well priced non-favorites, you are effectively betting against the odds. I’ve been ripped off before with horse racing betting systems so I understand exactly where you’re coming from. What you end up with is a set of very secure favorites that have an extremely high chance of winning. Its safe, quick and easy… Doing it this way is going to take you 18 hours a day of research just to figure out which horses may produce the goods. Most never even try a betting system, something which is essential to actually make a consistent profit on horse betting.

Everyone knows that the favorites have a high chance of winning a race right? What Ali’s system does is to select only certain types of favorites that have even a much higher chances of winning. Also why place betting on favorites is the safest and easiest way to profit from horse racing betting. The word here is lucky, in the long run they will certainly lose money. Plus it takes only 10-20 minutes to use on any race day. Few betting systems deliver on what they promise. What he’s referring to is consistently profiting week after week and year after year from punting. With How to ‘Place Bets’ on Favorites for a Living , you don’t need any prior horse betting or statistics knowledge. it’s so easy that at times it feels almost unfair. For a betting system, believe me, that’s pretty revolutionary! . So the Horse racing betting system in a nutshell goes something like this:-

If you want to be shown a step-by-step outline of exactly how you can use Ali’s betting system, How to ‘Place Bets’ on Favorites for a Living, to consistently earn an income from horse racing betting, then head on over to the website at http://www.horsebetpro.com

He answers the questions of why place betting on favorites is simply the quickest way to profit from horse racing betting

How To Get Rich on Habbo Hotel

Step 6

Buy rights from a popular


Your money will simply not be well spent unless

you buy rights from a popular

casino. The trick is to open a coin shop and

sell LOW.

You’re not looking to make big money here; just enough

to get started with your

gambling enterprise. This will give you a positive reputation, and they’ll likely bet it again and lose it anyway.

Grow your friend network


is important not to coop yourself up in the casino the whole time as

you are

trying to gain profit. If

you’d like to get this right away, simply buy a few coins (you could

get 20 via text message for $4), or, if you’re a die-hard for not

spending any money, play games and make friends, get some normal

furni, and sell them for coins (described in-depth in step 5). As your reputation

grows, it may be tempting to do

super rare bets that you cannot

afford. This formula was made to show

gamblers (if the odds are in their favor) how much they should bet

for maximum growth with minimum risk. However, with the birth of the

marketplace, coins are now typically used.)

These coins will be traded among

various Habbos until one of them ultimately decides to


them. (The Habbo Club sofa used to be the common

unit of exchange in the market. Many people


attend these have a decent reputation on the hotel and many

friends. (See

my page for details on dealer advantage.) But, in order to get a

good start on your dealing (as we will discuss later), you will

probably want to start with 50 coins (known as a “gb” for

gold bar).

I also recommend playing the many games

that are hosted, but never pay the owner furni. In most cases, the casino wins when gambling. Here

are some tips for Habbo Club members:

Do not overdress. Save up your coins

until you have enough to buy rights PLUS about 50 coins to start


Step 3

Get your first month of

Habbo Club.

Habbo Hotel is dominated by teenagers, and

teenagers are superficial. It is clear that the richest of the rich on Habbo


not attain their wealth from buying coins, considering that spending

$100 on

coins will get you only 10

gold bars.

Step 2

Select a good username.


Habbos try to get bets in casinos, but fail to do so and wonder why.


with experience inherently trust more aged users, and an

indicator of age is the

uniqueness of a username. This path is by no

means quick and easy, so do not expect instant results.

Things You Will NeedAll you’ll need is a computer with a working Internet connection. A

myriad of bling and headdresses is bound to scare

patrons away

from your booth.

Do not wear badges except the one for the

casino’s dealer group.

Doing this will also get you your first

HC gift.

As a dealer, it’s important not to offer deals that are so large they take away your dealers’ advantage. This translates into the pixel world.

You’re going to need Habbo Club to appear presentable and to be taken

seriously by the community (no one likes being called a bacon). It begins with a new


deciding to buy coins. Although dealing under the Kelly bet will

slow your

growth, it is certainly better to deal under than


Thus, you should regularly check

your bankroll and see what the optimal Kelly bet


and try to get bets that are that big. It’s best to expect

that the owner is a scammer, and you can’t get scammed if you don’t

give him or her anything.


DO mooch more furni and

coins and trade up

How I got my starting capital (several

times, mind you) was by making rich friends

and getting gifts from

them. You may get discounts


even free) rights other casinos. You need rights in a casino that is regularly on the top


the list.

Step 8

Bet big = FAIL


to The Wizard

of Odds, the amount you should optimally be dealing for each hand

is determined by the Kelly criterion.

Step 9

Step 7

Deal ONLY games that are, eventually,

guaranteed to make you rich.

Poker and multi have a 0%

dealer advantage, and are thus horrible games to deal. If a player claims to lose all their furni, I recommend giving them one of their bets back. If these coins

are wagered enough times, the casino will eventually own all of them.

Thus, the split between rich and poor grows.

Good places to find

friends are in various games and reality shows. Doing so

will grow your

reputation and give you more people to bet. Never bet higher than the Kelly criterion

would have you,

and remember to put all that furni you earn to good use!. For

instance, in a game with 10% dealer

advantage, for every 10 coins bet, the dealer

can expect to profit

1 coin. Using Habbo Hotel as a

friend-making service (as it was

intended) is one of the most

profitable moves you can make as a dealer. Getting to know others on Habbo is


to making coins. Sometimes these gifts would be rares (right on!),


typically I got various norms. In

order to

grow your wealth, you need to play games with a dealer advantage, such as 6, 13, 21, and pick-a-number.


dealer advantage is defined as the percent profit the dealer

makes on each bet. There

will be plenty

of winning/losing streaks along the way, and your

total bankroll over time will be

a rollercoaster. The

approximate dealer advantage of each game,


by simulation, is found here, the higher the better. If you can’t, let the Kelly

amount be

your booth’s maximum bet.

This how-to guide will give you the

tools needed to become rich on Habbo Hotel. It’s ok to shop around for a

good deal on rights, but don’t suffice for a


casino. There’s bound to be something.

Check bobbavalues.com if you need a

price check on a rare you come across.


Hotel is a massively multiplayer online game where players create


avatars to visit various hotel rooms, participate in

activities, and personalize

their own page. I have posted

a Kelly

calculator for Habbo games here.

Dealing over the Kelly bet will make you more likely to lose it all

without any added benefit. Thus, it is

important to apportion bets appropriately to allow for


long-term growth, as discussed in the next step.

With all these techniques, you should

see a steady growth of your purse. To the typical Habbo

player, it can be daunting to see how wealthy

some of the elite

players are. In addition

to most games and their

conditions leading the dealer to an

advantage, you will likely get scammed,

reducing your total

payback even more. For example, I

would be more apt to bet someone named

Blue than XxSweetie_012xX.

Whip out a dictionary and look up some words that have

not been

taken yet.


in mind that the dealer advantage is over the long run. Getting to

know them can lead to them betting you, or at

least filling a casino you deal in

and making you appear friendly

and approachable.

Tips & Warnings

Step 4



Betting in Habbo is typically a no-no. I’m guessing you have one of those.Step 1

Step 5

Realize that the Habbo

economy is dominated by gambling.

Wealth is localized in

Habbo in quite a regular fashion. As you get

rich enough,

consider the prospect of opening your own casino! You can sell


and establish yourself more formally as a well-known dealer

on Habbo Hotel.

Remember to deal responsibly

Sports, Gambling, and Referees

One can gamble on the spread of the final scores of football or basketball games, called the “point spread.” Odds-makers set the odds, saying “Seattle is a 3-point favorite over Green Bay.” Or, “the Lakers are a 7-point favorite over the Knicks.” Gamblers can choose whether or not to bet Green Bay plus 10 points, or the Knicks and 7 points over the Lakers. In football, for instance, holding can be called on virtually every play. I am waiting for the most interested of all football followers to weigh in on the issue…

The poor performance of the replacement referees in National Football League games is a point of conversation around every water cooler, bar, and Sunday School class. Just ask Pete Rose. The NCAA basketball tournament sets records each March in the total dollar amount changing hands between gamblers. Referees have incredible influence over the games they officiate. If Green Bay loses by 4 points, the gambler who took the Seattle Seahawks wins. An official who has a financial stake in a game can change the momentum or scoring opportunity without much chance of being caught at it. Counselors and consultants speak to athletes at every level to warn about fraternization with gamblers.

Gamblers have sought ways to control the outcome of a game and the point spread. The weird determination in Monday night’s game which awarded the Seattle Seahawks a touchdown, despite the fact that a Green Bay Packers player apparently caught the football in the end zone, has been discussed far and wide. A quarterback can throw a pass incomplete, resulting in the failure of his team to reach field goal range, especially after the winning or losing outcome of the game has been settled and the only issue is the point spread. In their place the NFL hired inexperienced men to take their place. Who knows how point spreads have been affected. In baseball, the scandal of the “Black Sox” early in the 20th century led professional baseball to establish strong anti-gambling rules. I am not talking about office pools or friendly wagers on the outcome of a particular game. . But for me, criminologist that I am, the real danger to the game is not just in the poor referee performance.

What makes this topic so timely today is the disturbing performance of the “replacement referees” in National Football League games this season. The Professional Golf Association, NASCAR, Major League Baseball and other sports associations provide fodder for the gambling industry.

But what should strike fear in the hearts of the professional sports league is the possibility that a poorly trained and paid part time amateur referee can make a crucial 4th-quarter call in the end zone, or call holding on a 3rd-and-long which reverses a crucial first down and therefore the outcome of a game. the gamblers.

The worst kept secret regarding professional and collegiate sports is the heavy presence of big-time gambling and gamblers. Even with instant replay the football holding call or the charge-block call in basketball can be ambiguous. The outcome of some games has been determined by the ineptness of the replacement referees. It can get a lot more complicated than that.

I have no reason to believe that this has happened. Gamblers have tried to pay players to “throw a game” or influence the final point spread. Players’ safety has been jeopardized.

But professional and collegiate sports organizations have known for many years that the biggest threat to their game is in the area of officiating. The mammoth amount of serious wagering on sports events is well documented. A basketball player can influence things by “accidently” throwing a pass out of bounds at a key juncture late in a game, or purposely missing free throws, for instance. But when an entire contingent of professional referees is summarily discarded and replaced by unknown amateurs, risks to everyone interested in the games are heightened. The Super Bowl provides a forum for billions of dollars in wagers. I am talking about the multi-billion dollar worldwide industry in sports betting. If the Lakers win by only 6 points, the gambler who took the Knicks and the points wins.

The NCAA and NFL and NBA have taken strong strides to protect the games from such corrupting influences. The NFL league leaders have responded to rather modest demands of the professional officiating staff they have developed, trained, and utilized by locking them out. In basketball the charge-block call can legitimately go either way in many cases. These are just two easy examples how a player could have some role in determining the outcome of a game in favor of a gambling interest, and happily such instances have been rare.

The day-to-day, week-to-week sports betting activity is huge, and the bets are not only about which team wins and which loses

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